1.) The Cost
Simply said, genuine turquoise is more costly. If something seems to be too good to be true, it probably is, and that $15 statement necklace may simply be some skillfully painted plastic. But wait a minute! If you’re not searching for a genuine article, that’s perfectly OK; there’s no harm or guilt in wearing whatever jewelry allows you to express yourself.
2.) Outward appearance
A fake may sometimes be identified by its look or weight, however since fakes vary in substance, you may not get the most reliable results. In certain works, you can see where the dye accumulates in the cracks of the “turquoise,” OR if you can’t feel the fissures, they were painted on. Fake turquoise is colored to appear precisely like the real thing, and since genuine turquoise varies so much due to how it is naturally formed, the variations may be difficult to detect.
3.) The Scratch Examination
There are many tests you may do to determine if your turquoise is genuine (Fingernail Test, Acetone Test, Mohs Hardness Test), however many of them are very damaging to the real stone. I discovered that the scratch test is the least harmful. Turquoise is a delicate stone by nature, but howlite (a turquoise counterfeit) is much softer. This implies that if you scrape your stone and it scratches readily, you’re probably looking at a chunk of howlite. However, if scratching your stone is very tough, you have genuine turquoise! I recommend doing the scratch test on a less apparent area of the stone, preferably the underside.
What exactly is fake turquoise?
Fake turquoise may be difficult to detect (even I have problems from time to time!) particularly since turquoise differs so much from stone to stone. Typically, false turquoise is composed of howlite, a soft stone that has been colored to appear like turquoise. Other imitations include magnesite, plastic, epoxy, and resin, which have all been colored to seem like genuine things. Reconstituted turquoise is another technique used to deceive you, in which little pieces of genuine turquoise are crushed up and combined with other stones to create a false copy. And sometimes it’s simply a whole other stone that resembles turquoise. What this all boils down to is that there is a lot of fake turquoises out there, so it’s not your fault if you get fooled!