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If someone asked you what your favorite red gemstone was, you would probably say “ruby.” People all over the world have loved this jewel for hundreds of years because of its beautiful color and shape. So it’s not surprising that every woman wants this amazing jewel. But when it comes to buying a ruby, things are completely different (and harder)!

So, to make it easier for you to choose a good ruby, we’ve put together a list of 6 important things you should keep in mind.

Color


The most important thing to think about when buying a ruby is its color. The deeper this color is, the more valuable ruby is thought to be. But “color” doesn’t just mean the shade of the gem; it also includes the hue, the tone (how light or dark it is), and the saturation (intensity). A ruby’s hue is the part of the color spectrum where it falls. Most of the time, this stone is red with orange, pink, or purple shades. Its tone can’t be too dark, or the color will be hard to see, or too light, or the color will look very faint. When it comes to saturation, on the other hand, keep in mind that a well-saturated gem will have a strong or vivid color intensity.

“Pigeon blood” red is often used to describe the most sought-after shade of the ruby. It’s a red to slightly pinkish or purple-red color, and it glows (rarely found).

What’s the best choice? Choose a ruby with a pure, bright red to slightly purple-red color, a medium tone, and strong saturation.

Clearness

The clarity of a ruby is the type, size, number, and location of flaws inside the gem, which are called inclusions. All-natural rubies have inclusions of some kind. If you find a gem that doesn’t have any inclusions, it’s likely fake or man-made. Most of these gems have thin needle-like mineral inclusions, small crystals, spots of different colors, and some even look like fingerprints. If these flaws are visible to the naked eye or get in the way of how bright or clear the gem is, they lower the value of the gem. But inclusions that make the gem look like stars, which is called “asterism,” make it more valuable.

What’s the best choice? Ruby inclusions are common, so choose a gem that looks clean to the naked eye.

I.e., it doesn’t have any inclusions that can be seen. In the case of asterism, however, you should choose a ruby with the star effect.

Weight in carats

When talking about carat weight, it is important to know that the price of a ruby goes up as its weight goes up. This is because it is easy to find small ruby stones, but it is harder to find big ones. In the same way, fine quality rubies are hard to find and cost more than gems that are made for mass production. Also, rubies of commercial quality are easy to find and come in many different sizes.

What’s the best choice? You can’t choose the best carat weight for a ruby. But remember that a ruby’s price is directly tied to how many carats it has. So, the best thing to do would be to decide how much you can spend and choose a ruby based on that.

Cut

The term “cut” is used to talk about a gem’s facets, sizes, and overall symmetry. When it comes to ruby, the shape of the rough crystal shows which cuts will work best on it. Most ruby roughs are flat, hexagonal, and tabular, but some are long and thin. Rubies are often cut into a round, oval, triangular, emerald, pear, and marquise shape with a brilliant-cut crown and a step-cut pavilion to fit these crystal shapes. When working with ruby roughs, gem cutters try to keep as much weight as possible, get the best color and cut down on the expensive inclusions as much as possible. Before deciding on the cut, cutters also think about things like pleochroism, which means that the body looks different from different angles.

What’s the best choice? You can choose any of the different shapes of rubies that are available. But when shopping, keep in mind that a well-cut gem reflects light and shows the best color, brilliance, and clarity. So, make a good choice.

Medicines

Even rubies get treatments or procedures to make them look better, just like other gemstones. Today, these treatments are common, especially the ones that make a gem’s color look better. Heat treatment is done to rubies because it makes their color better. Lead glass filling, which is also called fracture filling, is used to improve the clarity and transparency of gems that have many cracks or other imperfections. But these kinds of rubies are no longer thought to be natural.

What’s the best choice? Keep in mind that the way a gem is treated affects how much it’s worth. Even though heat-treated rubies are common, the one filled with lead glass is still worth more. So, learn everything you can about the ruby treatment before making a decision.

Origin

The origin of a ruby shows not only where it was found, but also whether it was made in a lab or in nature. Natural rubies are found in places like Thailand, Burma, India, Australia, Scotland, Japan, and many other places around the world. On the other hand, lab-created rubies are made in the controlled environment of a laboratory. The way these fake rubies look and how long they last are the same as those of natural rubies.

What’s the best choice? When you buy a ruby, remember that a natural ruby will cost more than one made in a lab. So, write down where the gem came from to make sure you are getting a fair price.

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